Mange is a common skin condition that can cause significant distress to your dog or cat. There are several forms of mange; each is caused by a specific type of mite. In each case, the animal’s skin becomes irritated causing the dog or cat to itch the area excessively. The problem will continue until it is diagnosed and treated properly. Unfortunately, the mites that cause mange are so small that they can only be seen with the use of a microscope. It is important to know the tell tale signs of mange as they are the only indication that a problem exists.
We will first discuss a form of the condition known as sarcoptic mange. Sarcoptic mange is a highly contagious form of mange, commonly referred to as scabies. Caused by the Sarcoptes Scabiei Canis mite, sarcoptic mange can spread rapidly between infected animals. Unfortunately, sarcoptic mange can even be spread to humans, causing the same severe itching and irritation. Fortunately, the mite is unable to reproduce on humans. The symptoms of sarcoptic mange include hair loss, intense itching/scratching, and often times the tip of the ear will be crusted over. A veterinarian will take a sample with a scraping of the skin, but can often times diagnose the problem quickly based on the animal’s appearance.
When a dog has been diagnosed with sarcoptic mange, in most cases they will receive weekly injections of Ivermetcin for up to a month. Depending on their breed, not all dogs can be treated with Ivermetcin and may need to be dipped in an insecticide. Ivermetcin and insecticide dips may treat the root of the problem, and ointments may be used to treat the sores on the skin. Cortisone helps a lot to stop itching. Additionally, every animal that has been exposed to sarcoptic mange must be treated, even if they don’t appear to be sick. The life cycle of the mite lasts several weeks and an animal may be infected without showing any symptoms. The entire household or environment needs to be cleaned as well to prevent future infestations.
The most common form of mange in dogs is demodectic, or Red Mange. Affecting young animals, generally puppies, demodectic mange is caused by the Demodex canis mite. Red mange is not contagious between dogs, puppies receive the mite from their mothers. If a puppy is born without the condition, there is no possibility they will ever have it. Unlike sarcoptic mange, demodectic mange is not transferable to humans.
Demodectic mange can be diagnosed if the young dog has one or several hairless areas on their body. Demodectic mange does not itch as much as sarcoptic mange but it is still a nuisance nonetheless. In most cases, demodectic mange will clear up on its own. Treatment may be sought to increase the rate of recovery. Generally, an insecticide dip will be prescribed to help kill the mites.
While all types of mange are results of a mite infestation, they are also the result of malnutrition or a weakened immune system. Most dog foods, regardless of price are cooked at high temperatures. The result is that the omega fatty acids and nutrients that were once in the food are no longer active. The use of supplements, especially those containing omega fatty acids help to fortify the animal’s immune system and ward off mite infestations. The IN® Diet Supplement has been around for over 20 years and has a longstanding history, backed by hundreds of testimonials for preventing and facilitating recovery from all types of mange. They can be found at IN Pet Supplements
Graduate of University of Florida. Majored in Food and Resource Economics. Vice President, Sales, ALC Inovators, Inc.
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In this pet care video we will learn about demodectic mange , also referred to simply as Demodex, a common mite found in dogs. These mites can cause a variety of skin problems in some dogs, including hair loss.
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Dealing with Mange Pet Problems
If you’re looking for Mange medicine for your afflicted pet, you should absolutely consult your veterinarian. Dogs and cats are the most prone to the condition, which is caused by mites. It is also known by other names such as Ear Mite Infections, Scabies, Red Mange or Cheyletiella.
If you are dealing with one of the conditions more severe forms, Demodex Mites, Ear Mites or Sarcoptic Mites, then you definitely need to consult your veterinarian sooner than later, as these variations can cause your pet to become seriously ill as a result of them. In addition to the previously mentioned forms there are many other kinds of Mites which can pose a threat to your pets – and to livestock as well.
Sarcoptic mange or scabies can affect dogs, cats and even humans amongst other animals. The Notoedres mite cause intense irritation and itching in humans and animals. They can be transferred from the pet on to the human though if the pet is disinfected on time the symptoms would disappear within a few weeks in the humans. The mites burrow themselves under the skin in the ear, face and elbows. Crusty skin on the ear is a sign of scabies in dogs.
It is important to treat these conditions as quickly as possible, as the discomfort can become quite severe. Seepage, scabs or boils may begin to appear as well as balding skin patches. If that happens, the vet will likely have to do a biopsy to check for other types of infections that may have developed.
Steroid creams such as cortisone can be used to relieve some of the itching, as well as the redness and irritation. Bathing the animal is also recommended, using dandruff shampoos followed by any vet-recommended insecticides.
The Demodex variation of the infection is not contagious, but you still want to get it checked out and treated as quickly as possible, because you run the risk of causing a secondary infection in your pet if you don’t. With Demodex, your pet will experience the same itching, irritation and discomfort as with the other types of Mange, so of course you want to relieve your pet from that in the fastest time.
When a pet has a weakened immune system, he will be more prone to contracting Mange and also slower to recover. But, luckily, in most cases, pets that are healthy and not experiencing any hormonal changes will recover fairly quickly from the condition.
Vets would recommend treatment to ensure safe recovery and that includes boosting the dog’s immune system with tonics and vitamins. Baths with a Benzoyl peroxide shampoo would help the pet.
Ear mites cause intense itching and discharge in the ear in dogs and cats. Cats are more sensitive to chemicals hence it’s important to consult the vet in how to safely treat the feline.
Resources of Interest:
- Most effective pet mange treatment
- Learn more about canine scabies (mange)
- What is mange?
- Mange FAQs
Several Mange Treatments
There are all types of treatments for pets with Mange, including homeopathic and allopathic remedies. Before deciding on a treatment however, always consult your vet first. If you take proper care of your pet, including regularly administering immune-boosting vitamins and cleansing baths, then hopefully, you won’t have to deal with mange for too long at all.
The Veterinary strength Sarcoptic Mange 2 oz Combo combines the power of veterinary strength products with a gentle, safe, non-toxic mange-combating formula perfect for treating smaller breeds of animals (under 10 pounds) with mild cases of mange.
- (1) 2 oz. / 59 ml Sulfinex Cream
- (1) 2 oz. / 59 ml Mange Treatment Spray
PetsBestRx Sarcoptic Mange Treatment Spray targets and eliminates sarcoptic mange, while Sulfinex Cream provides additional protection to nourish and heal the skin. The colloid-based Mange Treatment Spray penetrates deeply into your pet’s skin to attack the sarcoptic mange head-on. This provides your pet with soothing relief; great even for sarcoptic mange in smaller animals such as birds, rodents, and reptiles. Give your pet a double dose of protection!
If your dog has mange and needs a remedy or medicine to help, you can find a mange spray. There are tons of medicine for mange that you can find on the Internet that could help.
My 7 month old Dandie has just been diagnosed with demodectic mange and will soon be under the vet’s care. Now, I just read online that it can be contagious, how can I stop it from getting on my Chad? What can I buy? Please help.
TREATING DEMODECTIC MANGE NATURALLY
Demodectic Mange (Demodex canis), also called Red Mange, is a non-contagious skin disease caused by a tiny, eight-legged parasitic mite that lives in the hair follicles and skin glands of dogs. Puppies are infected with mites from contact with the skin of their mother while nursing. The disease is seen in two forms:
· Localized mange, which is confined to a few small areas such as the face or front feet,
and is relatively easy to treat, occurs in puppies under one year of age.
· Generalized mange is much more severe, and treatment is not always successful.
Most dogs have a microscopic mite population hitching a ride on their body, but the dog’s immune system handles it all very nicely. When the immune system is no longer able to control the mites, they begin multiplying, then attacking. It is thought that dogs infected with demodectic mange are immunodeficient. In other words, they are not able to fight off the mites like a healthy dog would. Heredity is believed to play a part in dogs that show signs of demodectic mange so it is strongly recommended that infected dogs be spayed or neutered. Signs of disease appear only when mites reproduce unchecked and occur in unnaturally high numbers. Outbreaks are seen around the eyes, lips and/or lower limbs when the numbers of these mites increase.
Because the immune system does not mature until 12-18 months of age, a dog with demodectic mange may have relapses until that age. It is important for treatment to begin promptly to minimize the possibility of developing uncontrollable problems. Demodectic mange in dogs over 2 years of age is classified as adult-onset, and usually occurs secondary to an underlying cause. Successful treatment of adult-onset mange relies upon identifying and correcting the underlying cause. Dogs with immune suppression due to illnesses like hypothyroid disease, and Cushing’s disease, are also candidates for demodectic mange. Demodectic mange may also occur in very old dogs because function of the immune system often declines with age.
Some dogs infected with demodectic mange may have secondary skin infections. The skin becomes dry, crusty, and brittle, it will ooze serum, blood or pus. A strong, offensive skin odor may be present due to a bacterial infection. The secondary infection responds to antibiotics like cephalexin or clavamox.
Conventional treatment depends upon the severity of the disease. Generally, veterinarians recommend treatment with a dip containing Amitraz. The dip is repeated every 7-10 days. Although the dog may respond well to the dip and look normal, dipping must be continued until negative skin scrapings are found consistently for a few weeks. The dipping may have side effects. Sleepiness and itching are common for 24 hours after the dip. Some dogs many experience decreased body temperature, vomiting, diarrhea, and loss of appetite, excitability, staggering, or other personality changes. If any of these side effects occur you should contact your veterinarian immediately.
Amitraz can reduce the function of the hypothalamus, which helps regulate the body’s metabolism by controlling hormone release in the body. In animal studies, amitraz caused episodes of increased aggression, as well as some central nervous system depression. In addition to the dip, to treat more generalized cases of mange, many veterinarians are now prescribing daily doses of Eqvalan, which is liquid ivermectin. Dr. Jean Dodds has written extensively about ivermectin as a trigger for immune-mediated diseases. Ivermectin should not be used in combination with Amitraz dip nor with Amitraz tick prevention collars. These medicines are all members of the monoamine oxidase inhibitor group; when they are used together their effects combine together creating sedation and adverse neurologic effects.
Conventional treatments do work but at what expense to your dog’s health? Since conventional veterinary medicine relies heavily on a highly toxic method of treatment, and suppressed immune function is the cause of demodectic outbreaks, you should consider an alternative. Using a combination of natural diet, vitamins, minerals and herbs, you support the immune system while treating the skin.
Immune suppressed dogs require a high quality, all natural food. Select a raw food diet, a cooked diet, or an ultra premium dry food with lots of raw pulverized vegetables. Select organically grown vegetables or use one of the pesticide cleaners available in supermarkets for use on fruits and vegetables. Add leafy dark green vegetables, cruciferous vegetables — broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, watercress, bok choy, and carrots (carrots should be blanched one minute to release the carotenes). If you feed raw foods, increase the veggies.
To each meal: sprinkle a teaspoon of sesame seed oil–on the food. This is an important oil for immune function and skin repair. Also add a variety of dried sea vegetables like wakami, nori, dulce and kelp. The sea vegetables should be offered at least 4-5 days a week or even every day if your Akita likes it. Feed fish, boneless poached or canned fish. Do not use tuna, tuna and swordfish are laden with mercury; sardines, salmon, mackerel or fresh water fish are good choices. When giving fish, cook some white rice and mix with the fish. Avoid grains like wheat or rye–rice, barley and oats are okay.
NO VACCINES. Not even one. The immune system in these dogs is already severely stressed; they do not need additional viral components circulating in the blood. Stop using all chemicals including dips, flea/tick spot-ons, pills, or flea collars. You are attempting to reinstate immune function not add to the collective damage.
The following supplements are for the immune system and should be given daily. If you find a product that combines these antioxidants in one capsule, use it:
· Zinc: 50mg (chelated type)
· Selenium: 200mcg (There is a product called Selene E from Twinlabs. It contains
the right amount of selenium and Vitamin E)
· Vitamin E: 400 IU twice daily
· Cod liver oil capsules: 3 gel caps twice daily
· One gel cap daily: 25,000 IU of Marine carotene (it is available in health food
stores—another Twinlabs product.
· Vitamin C with bioflavonoids: start at 500mg and work up to 3,000mg by increasing in
increments of 500mg weekly. If your dog develops a loose stool, back off by 500mg
and maintain the level.
· Nutritional yeast: one tablespoon daily
· Lecithin granules: one teaspoon daily
· Milk thistle: follow directions on bottle for an adult human.
· One-half teaspoon of bee pollen (optional but great nutrients)
· Hokamix 30, a vitamin/mineral/herbal supplement: follow directions on container
The following herbs are to boost her immune system and fight bacterial infections. Wherever possible purchase organic herbs that are "Standardized."
· Olive Leaf Extract: Follow directions on bottle.
· Astragulus: Follow directions on bottle.
· Cat’s Claw: Follow directions on bottle.
· Kyolic garlic: Follow directions on bottle.
· Pau d’Arco: 4 capsules twice daily.
· Grapefruit Seed Extract Capsules or tablets: 225mg daily.
· Flax seed oil (organic) gel caps: one twice daily.
· Plant based digestive enzymes available at health food stores. Give two
capsules per meal.
Add a few tablespoons of plain yogurt to each meal or give acidophilus supplements. It is very important to maintain good intestinal bacteria when fighting parasites.