Scabies is a rare disease in cats and is often confused with allergic dermatitis, but it causes itching and hair pulling. Learn more about the tests that veterinarians to detect the presence of mites using the aveterinarian free in this video-on-cat to check health and scabies. Expert: Carrie Burhenn Contact: www.felinemedicalclinic.com Bio: Dr. Carrie Burhenn is a full-time veterinarian, who received his degree in veterinary medicine from Oregon State University in 1990. Director: Lisa Fenderson
Mange on cats like dandruff flakes from the fur and skin, but it can be confirmed by a skin scraping to test. Cause scab on a cat that is better on a black cat on the ground, with help practitioners in this free video on pet care services is. Expert: Robert Sidorsky, DVM Bio: Dr. Robert Sidorsky has a practicing veterinarian for over 25 years. Director: Christian Munoz-Donoso
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What is Dog Mange?
Dog mange is caused by tiny parasites called mites. Mites are invisible to the eye and burrow under your dog’s skin where they cause itching, balding and sores. There are two main types of dog mange, one referred to as demodex, the other commonly referred to as scabies. Both varieties of dog mange respond well to treatment, which can be administered in the form of dips, ear drops or injections.
Types of Dog Mange
There are two main types of dog mange, one caused by demodex mites (Demodectic Mange), and the other by sarcoptes mites (Sarcoptic Mange or Scabies). Each has its own symptoms:
Demodectic Mange – This type of dog mange is characterized by red, scaly bald patches that can appear in one area or over most of the body. The skin is generally not itchy with this type of dog mange. Puppies are particularly susceptible to this version of dog mange, though most develop immunity as they reach adolescence. Démodé tic dog mange can also be found in adult dogs due to underlying immune system problems that can be caused by cancer, liver disease, kidney disease, and thyroid disease. If the mites enter the hair follicles, Demodectic dog mange can occasionally become more serious especially when secondary skin infection develops, leading to severe itching, crusty skin and overall weakness in rare cases.
Sarcoptic Mange (Scabies) – This is the more common form of dog mange and is characterized by red, swollen, and crusty patches of skin that occasionally seep puss. Puss can be a sign of bacterial infection. Sarcoptes mites prefer hairless areas and often show up on the elbows, abdomen and ear tips. This type o fdog mange usually causes the dog to be extremely itchy and uncomfortable. It is also transmittable to humans.
In addition to the two main types of dog mange, there are also two less common varieties:
Cheyletiella – Sometimes called “walking dandruff” because of the tiny white flakes that appear on your dog’s back and neck. It is caused by Red Mites or Fur Mites and is characterized by mild itching.
Ear Mange – This type of dog mange is located in the ear, where the so called Ear Mite burrows. It is characterized by a black, gummy discharge. While easily treated, severe cases can lead to hearing loss in rare cases.
Dog Mange Prevention Tips and Treatment
Traditional dog mange is usually treated with dips that must be administered like shampoo over several weeks. A common variety is Amitraz. There are also several medications such as Ivermectin that can treat both demodectic dog mange and sarcoptic dog mange. These are typically administered by injection but can be used orally even though this is considered extra label use. Interceptor can also be used as a treatment option for sarcastic dog mange. Lime sulfur dips and sprays such as DVM Pharmaceuticals Lyme Dip topical spray can also be used to treat demodectic dog mange and sarcoptic dig mange. Cheyletiella can usually be treated with Frontline, Revolution, or Advantage .
Treating dog mange requires visiting a veterinarian in order to get a variety of ointments or injectable anti-parasitics. Find out how different types of mange can cause a variety of skin conditions and infections with information from a veterinarian in this free video on dog care. Expert: Dr. James Talbott Bio: Dr. James R. Talbott is a staff veterinarian at Belle Forest Animal Hospital and Kennel in Nashville, Tenn. Filmmaker: Dimitri LaBarge
What is mange?
Mange is a rather common disease in household pets.
Dogs are primarily susceptible to two forms of mange, Demodectic mange (red mange) and Sarcoptic mange. Demodectic mange is generally seen in dogs less than two years of age. These mange mites are passed to puppy’s skin from their mothers. Demodectic mange mites live in the hair and oil (sebaceous) follicles of the skin. The first signs of this disease are patchy areas of hair loss about the head and forelegs, which do not itch and do not appear inflamed. These areas may spontaneously resolve or become larger until a large area of the pet’s skin is involved. It is considerably rarer in cats. A few of these parasites are present in the skin of many or all normal dogs. However dogs which develop disease have a defect in their immune system (T-cell defect) and can not keep the number of mites under control. The only product approved for use on Demodectic mange in the United States is amitraz (Mitaban). This concentrated liquid is diluted to a dip and the entire animal is immersed and scrubbed in the solution every two weeks until no living parasites can be seen under a microscope. A compound named benzyl benzoate cream was once used to treat small areas of infection. It is no longer believed to be effective. I will sometimes mix a 10% solution of Amitraz in propylene glycol and have the owner first cleanse and then massage this solution into isolated lesions. I have had good success in curing small areas of Demodectic mange in this way.
The effectiveness of treatment is hard to evaluate because small lesions often go away by themselves. Shar Pei dogs are notorious for their susceptibility to Demodectic mange. When amitraz (Mitaban) dips fail to halt the infection, I have had good success in placing these dogs on daily oral ivermectin. This product is sold as Ivomec 1% and the dose I use is 1ml (cc or approximately 15-20 drops) per110 lbs body weight. This comes out to 200 mcg/kg of body weight. Ivermectin may take up to a year to completely cure the dog. In severe cases, secondary bacterial skin infection is severe and subcutaneous lymph nodes enlarge with mites present in these nodes.
The second common form of mange in dogs, other pets (and wild animals) is Sarcoptic mange. This microscopic spider-like mite burrows through the layers of the skin causing an intense itch and streaks of reddened skin. After a month or so the skin becomes very crusty. It is spread from one mature dog to another by contact or by contact with objects the infected dog has touched. Humans in contact with these pets will often begin to itch too. This disease in man was once called the seven year itch. It is the disease that back-woods folk and farmers used to cure by rubbing the dog with burnt motor oil. Do not attempt this! The gentlest way of curing this disease (but the smelliest way) in all species of animals is with lime sulfur dips. Oral or injectable ivermectin cures the disease very well too. However, Ivermectin can be toxic in cats. Besides dogs, I see this disease in cats, hedgehog’s raccoons and squirrels.
A third form of mange, psoroptic mange, I see most often in rabbit ears and the area surrounding the ears. All ear-mite medicines cure this disease but the ears often need a soothing antibiotic corticosteroids cream for a week or two to heal.
Forms of Mange
A form of mange that I see in budgerigars (parakeets) and canaries is knemidocoptic mange. It affects their legs, the base of the beak and their vents. The skin in these areas is thickened and flaky. It responds very well to ivermectin or oily topical products containing rotenone (derris root & cube resin) such as Goodwinol. Goodwinol is difficult to obtain these days, but the active ingredient, rotenone, can be purchased as an organic rose and vegetable insecticide and mixed with margarine.
The reason most mange can be treated with any non-toxic oily product is that mange mites, being arachnids, breathe through openings (sphericals) along their body. Any substance which plugs up these pores kills the mites. The exception is Demodectic mites which live so deeply within hair follicles that oily substances do not seem to affect them.
Best Mange Treatment
Pets’BestRx Sarcoptic Mange Treatment Spray targets and eliminates Sarcoptic mange, while Sulfinex Cream provides additional protection to nourish and heal the skin. The colloid-based Sarcoptic Mange Treatment Spray solution penetrates deeply into your pet’s skin to attack Sarcoptic mange-affected skin. This provides your pet with soothing relief; great even for Sarcoptic mange in smaller animals such as birds, rodents, and reptiles. Give your pet a double dose of protection!
-How can I get rid of my dogs red mange with out costing a lot,home type medications.Thanks?-